Prohibition of Alcohol and Drinking Parties in Islam
The liquor is called khamr, the verb form of which is khamara, which means: he covered, hid or concealed. Since liquor beclouds the intellect and obscures the moral sensibilities of a man, it is therefore, called khamr. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has laid down the principle:
“The small quantity of that, the large quantity of which intoxicates, is also forbidden.” Muslim
It is a well-known fact that alcoholic drink causes intoxication. And when a man is intoxicated, his mind, body, health, religion, moral sense, divine spirit, refined behaviour, family life, business undertakings, social contacts are all at stake.
Not only drinking and dealing in wine is prohibited but also the company of the drunkards. A Muslim is ordained to shun such a feast or a party where wine is served. It is because company of a sinner or transgressor lead even a pure and righteous person to deviate from the right path. It is reported on the authority of Hazrat Umar Ibn Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
“One who believes in Allah and the Last Day must not join a party where wine is being served.” Ahmad and Tirmidhi
A Muslim is duty-bound to eradicate every evil found on the surface of the earth. If he himself takes part in such functions where wine is served, he lays support to this malady. So if he cannot stop such parties by force, he should, at least, stay away from such gatherings.
It is reported that the pious Caliph Hazrat Umar ibn Abdul Aziz whipped not only the drunkards but also those who participated in such parties where wine was served even if they had been teetotaler It is reported that once the Caliph was informed that a group of Muslims were present in a drinking party, he ordered all of them to be flogged. He was then told that one of them was observing fast. The Caliph fell in wrath and ordered:
“Begin with him,” and added:
“Have you not the Words of Allah, the Almighty:
“Already has He sent you in the Book, that when Ye hear the Message of Allah held in defiance and ridicule, ye are not to sit with them unless they turn to a different theme: if ye did, ye would be like them.” Q. 4:140
That is, a Muslim should not sit in the company of wrong-doers, even if they are not, at that time engaged in evil talk, as there is every likelihood of their indulging in foul talk at any moment.